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SCIENCE
Scientific Eye: Physical Processes 3
 
Temperature and Heat
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Temperature and Heat

Aims

To provide information and resources to support teachers in the following areas:

  • the measurement of temperature by thermal imaging
  • the importance of standard scales in measurement
  • the relationship between temperature and heat
  • the transfer of heat by conduction
  • the distinction between temperature and the total energy contained in a body

Pupils should be able to:

  • describe how hot and cold objects look different through a thermal imaging camera
  • explain the difference between a comparative measurement and one that uses a standard scale
  • explain how air and liquid thermometers work in terms of the particle theory
  • explain how heat energy can move from a hot object to a cooler one in terms of the particle theory
  • explain why a larger mass of a material contains more heat energy than a smaller mass at the same temperature

Key Vocabulary

centigrade
degree
energy transfer
heat
infra-red
particle
temperature
thermal
thermometer