Channel 4 Learning

Turkish Flag
We are from ...

Location: South-east Europe, sharing borders with eight other countries
Capital: Ankara
Population: 65,700,000
Total Area: 779,452 sq km
People per
sq km:
Language: Turkish
Currency: Lira

Although not part of the European Union (EU) yet, Turkey has one foot in Europe while its other is in the Middle East. It has two European and six Asian countries for neighbours, bordering Greece and Bulgaria to the west and Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria to the east.

Turkey is a difficult country to get to know unless you live there, but it is very popular with tourists for its history, beautiful scenery and warm seas. It is surrounded by sea on three sides - the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west. As well as great beaches, Turkey has some large forests and big mountain ranges to explore.

The famous Blue Mosque in InstanbulMost Turks live in the west of the country, where most of the large, modern cities are. Although it is not the capital of Turkey, Istanbul is the most famous city. It is near the Black Sea, and is less like other European cities than the real capital, Ankara. Some Turkish cities are as much as 10,000 years old, and have many old, amazing buildings.

So, as well as being a modern European country, Turkey is famous for its eastern culture - mosques, Turkish Baths and ancient history. Find out more in the Turkish Delights section.

And what about Turkish wildlife, its peculiar sports, and its food? Find out in Life.

Lastly, don’t forget to check out some Amazing Facts.


Channel 4 is not responsible for the content of third party sites.
- Turkish facts, figures and information
- information on all things Turkish with great pictures
- a guide to the city of Istanbul
- a general guide to visiting areas of the country
- detailed maps of Europe, including Turkey
- interesting information and facts on Turkey

Home | Introduction | Turkish Delights | Life | Amazing Facts



Introduction Turkish Delight Life Amazing Facts Home