has always played an important part in world history, and is full
of historical sites and amazing scenery. It has castles, palaces,
forests, cathedrals, national parks, and ancient towns and cities.
However, it is also a very modern country with big cities, sports
stadiums, shops and modern transport.
is made up of four very different countries. Northern Ireland, although
controlled by the Government in London, borders the separate Republic
of Ireland. It is only 136km long and 112km wide, but has a varied
landscape including mountains, lakes, cities, farmland and coast.
the north of England, Scotland has Britains biggest mountains,
many islands and beautiful lochs (lakes), as well as many ancient
castles and battlefields. The historic city of Edinburgh is its
capital, while Glasgow is Scotlands biggest and most modern
England squeezes nearly 50 million people into
its green and pleasant land. The south enjoys milder
weather and has some beautiful beaches, while the north can be colder
and wetter, but has lakes and mountains to explore. London is the
biggest city in Europe, with Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool,
Leeds, Bristol and Newcastle the other major English cities.
the west of England, Wales is full of mountains and valleys and
home to many small villages and farms. Cardiff is the capital city,
and is on the south coast along with the city of Swansea and many
great beaches. Over a quarter of people in Wales speak Welsh, and
nearly all signs are written in both Welsh and English.
Less well known are the Channel Islands, of which
Jersey and Guernsey are the two biggest. These are a group of a
small islands nearer to France than to the British mainland. Although
they have their own government, theyre part of Britain too.
Britain has a rich history which can still be
seen today in many customs and traditions. Find out more in Past
Life looks at the things
we Britons enjoy most tea and sport!
And dont forget to check out our Amazing
Facts on Britain to impress your friends.
Channel 4 is not responsible for the content of third party sites.
- detailed maps of Europe, including Britain
- information on visiting and exploring different parts of Britain
- a guide to British politics
- a guide to the countryside and historic sites in England, Wales
and Northern Ireland
- a guide to Scotlands countryside and historic sites
- information on historical sites in England
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